D'ou viens le granite?

Le granite est une roche plutonique magmatique à texture grenue, riche en quartz, qui comporte plus de feldspath alcalin que de plagioclase. Il est caractérisé par sa constitution en minéraux : quartz, feldspaths potassiques (orthoses) et plagioclases, micas (biotite ou muscovite). Le granite et ses roches associées forment l'essentiel de la croûte continentale de la planète1. C'est un matériau résistant très utilisé en construction, dallage, décoration, sculpture, sous l'appellation granit.

Le granite est le résultat du refroidissement lent, en profondeur, de grandes masses de magma intrusif qui formeront le plus souvent des plutons, ces derniers affleurant finalement par le jeu de l'érosion qui décape les roches sus-jacentes. Ces magmas acides (c'est-à-dire relativement riches en silice) sont essentiellement le résultat de la fusion partielle de la croûte terrestre continentale. Certains granites (plagiogranites) rencontrés en petits plutons dans la croûte océanique sont, quant à eux, le résultat de la différenciation ultime de magmas basiques. Ses minéraux constitutifs sont principalement du quartz, des micas (biotite ou muscovite), des feldspaths potassiques (orthoses) et des plagioclases. Ils peuvent contenir également de la hornblende, de la magnétite, du grenat, du zircon et de l'apatite. On dénombre aujourd'hui plus de 500 couleurs de granite différentes

Voici un video de travail dans les carrières

Voici comment sont coupés les blocs de granites

Where does granit comes from?

Granite ( /ˈɡrænɪt/) is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or gray in color, depending on their mineralogy. The word "granite" comes from the Latin granum, a grain, in reference to the coarse-grained structure of such a holocrystalline rock. Strictly speaking, granite is an igneous rock with between 20% and 60% quartz by volume, and at least 35% of the total feldspar consisting of alkali feldspar, although commonly the term "granite" is used to refer to a wider range of coarse grained igneous rocks containing quartz and feldspar.

The term "granitic" means granite-like and is applied to granite and a group of intrusive igneous rocks with similar textures and slight variations in composition and origin. These rocks mainly consist of feldspar, quartz, mica, and amphibole minerals, which form an interlocking, somewhat equigranular matrix of feldspar and quartz with scattered darker biotite mica and amphibole (often hornblende) peppering the lighter color minerals. Occasionally some individual crystals (phenocrysts) are larger than the groundmass, in which case the texture is known as porphyritic. A granitic rock with a porphyritic texture is known as a granite porphyry. Granitoid is a general, descriptive field term for lighter-colored, coarse-grained igneous rocks. Petrographic examination is required for identification of specific types of granitoids.[1] The extrusive igneous rock equivalent of granite is rhyolite.[2]

Granite is nearly always massive (lacking any internal structures), hard and tough, and therefore it has gained widespread use throughout human history as a construction stone. The average density of granite is between 2.65 and 2.75 g/cm3 (165.4 - 171.7 lb/ft3)[3], its compressive strength usually lies above 200 MPa, and its viscosity near STP is 3–6 • 1019 Pa·s.[4] The melting temperature of dry granite at ambient pressure is 1215–1260 °C (2219–2300 °F);[5] it is strongly reduced in the presence of water, down to 650 °C at a few kBar pressure.[6]

Here is a short video of work in the quarries

Here's how granit blocks are cut

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